Blackheads are a very common skin problem, bothering many people. Have you ever wondered what provokes the appearance of blackheads (also called comedones) and how to get rid of them?
Fortunately, blackheads have been very well studied and modern cosmetology offers a great number of products to solve this problem.
Comedones (acne comedonica) are non-inflammatory elements of acne. They can show up in two ways: open (black - black and brown dots) and closed (white - small bumps with a natural or slightly lighter skin tone). While these skin imperfections technically aren't causing any harm to your skin, but they certainly look unaesthetic.
Blackheads are most often seen in the T-zone. Usually, they appear during puberty, when the sebaceous glands produce too much sebum, however, they could be found on people of different ages and with any skin type (especially oily).
Why do blackheads appear on the face?
Many mistakenly believe that blackheads are dirt that got stuck in the pores, but that's not true. Comedones arise as a result of clogged pores, mainly with surpluses of sebum and dead cells of the skin, resulting in an "oil plug". Under the influence of oxygen, it oxidizes and darkens - and blackheads are formed.
How to care for the skin to get rid of black spots and prevent their appearance?
Regular and proper cleansing of the skin is the main step that will help prevent and reduce the appearance of blackheads. Removing excess sebum and keratinized skin particles will help to temporarily get rid of comedones or make them less noticeable. For washing, use an oil-based cleanser and a face foam or soap, containing salicylic or glycolic acid which will prevent excess production of sebum. Also, don't forget to do a face peeling 1-2 days a week to get rid of keratinized particles.
Is the appearance of blackheads provoked by skincare and makeup products?
Yes! Incorrectly chosen skin care products and makeup can provoke the appearance of blackheads. Very oily heavy face creams and frequent use of foundation and powder usage without proper cleansing can clog the pores, resulting in the appearance of blackheads.
What products help to get rid of blackheads?
Hydrophilic (cleansing) oils, peelings, and clay masks are known to be effective blackhead treatments. For the best results, you can steam your face to open the pores, and then follow up with the chosen products.
Can I get rid of blackheads once and for all?
Unfortunately, this isn't possible. All products and procedures, even the professional ones, give only a temporary effect and don't save from the appearance of new blackheads if proper skin cleansing is neglected.
Can I push out blackheads on my own at home?
Squeezing blackheads at home isn't recommended, as this can be dangerous. Incorrect removal injures the skin and pores, plus, there is a risk of infection.
Do blackhead removal masks and strips help to get rid of blackheads?
Yes, they do. However, they remove only the surface part of comedones, making them less noticeable. Proper cleansing is the key process to remove them on a deeper level.
Does a diet affect the appearance of blackheads?
Diet doesn't affect the appearance of comedones. And although there's a stereotype that certain food does, this is not true. The increased production of sebum, which is the main reason for the appearance of blackheads, has nothing to do with the diet.
What home remedies help to get rid of blackheads?
The best home remedies for blackheads are fresh masks from berries, containing fruit acids, for example, strawberry. These remedies should be applied to the cleansed skin immediately after washing. But first, make sure that you don't have a skin allergy to the product used.
Keep in mind, that at home removal of comedones can result in scarring. Home remedies don't suit some people. For example, a popular advice to wipe skin with a mixture of salt and soda should never be used by people with sensitive skin.
To sum it up
Many cosmeticians are convinced that the presence of comedones is one of the signs of insufficient or incorrect skin care. Daily cleansing with the help of well-chosen products is the best guarantee of perfect skin.
Have a look at these blackhead fighters:
- Korean Kiwi Beauty